Volume 7 Issue 1 (2018)

Kosovo’s Low Performance in PISA 2015: An Explanation From a Socioeconomic Perspective

pp. 48-59  |  Published Online: March 2018  |  DOI: 10.22521/edupij.2018.71.4

Arif Shala, Albulene Grajcevci


This paper will analyze the performance of Kosovar students in PISA 2015 and explain the low performance from a socioeconomic standpoint. On its first participation in this assessment, Kosovo was ranked among the three lowest achieving countries. It is the argument of this paper that parental education and home possessions, both measures of socioeconomic status, determined the performance of students in Kosovo. There is compelling evidence that links student achievement and socioeconomic factors, a link that is well established in research. PISA is the first study to link student achievement in international assessments and socioeconomic factors in Kosovo and this paper is the first one research this link in the case of Kosovo. According to the PISA results, the higher the education levels of the primary caregiver, the higher the achievement of the student. In terms of home possessions, the higher the numbers of resources (Internet, computers etc.) the higher the student achievement in mathematics, reading and science. In light of this evidence, any policy that fails to account for the impact of familial socioeconomic status will not improve the education quality in Kosovo.

Keywords: Kosovo, PISA 2015, socioeconomic status, parental education, low performance


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