The Utility of ChatGPT in Educational Research—Potential Opportunities and Pitfalls
pp. 7-13 | Published Online: May 2023 | DOI: 10.22521/edupij.2023.122.1 (registering DOI)
Full text PDF | Abstract | 76 | 45
Background/purpose –Leveraging the latest developments in natural language processing, recent versions of ChatGPT has demonstrated astounding performance on a wide array of tasks through its ability to understand and generate human language, and respond to diverse conversational prompts. Its remarkable performance in numerous applications has also attracted researchers’ attention, prompting investigations into the potential utility of this AI-tool to enhance scientific work. The current paper aims to present a succinct overview of the opportunities and challenges of using ChatGPT in educational research based on the anticipations and analysis of scholars from different fields of research.
Practical implications – ChatGPT is a double-edged sword with its potential benefits and caveats for scientific research. Educational researchers could benefit from the utility of ChatGPT in identifying gaps in the literature, generating new ideas and developing hypothesis, devising surveys or rating scales, conducting systematic reviews, eliminating human error in analysis of large datasets as well as drafting and editing scientific manuscripts. On the other hand, the current limitations of ChatGPT in enabling a reliable and transparent generation of content, its inability to provide accurate references or tendency to suggest non-existent resources, and incompatibility with the current ethical and legal obligations of academic publishing warrants cautious and meticulous endeavor of educational researchers.
Conclusion – The current era has witnessed groundbreaking advancements in AI-based technologies, which will for sure act as precursor for the development of more-developed AI-systems that could overcome the recent shortcomings of ChatGPT in aiding scientific research. Till then, scientists working in the education field should continue striving to understand its potential to advance any aspect of their scientific quest, and collaborate to formulate guidelines and principles to enable the ethical and responsible integration of these new technologies into scientific research and publishing.
Keywords: ChatGPT, educational research, artificial intelligence, AI-based technologies
Exploring Within Team Differences in Coaching Supports
pp. 14-31 | Published Online: May 2023 | DOI: 10.22521/edupij.2023.122.2 (registering DOI)
Rosalie Hiuyan Chung
Full text PDF | Abstract | 42 | 25
Background/purpose – Coaching supports teachers to varying degrees, and the same coach may engage different teachers in distinct ways. This study explores this variation in coaches’ interactions with different teachers over two years to identify supports for coaches to develop positive coaching dynamics with teachers.
Materials/methods – I conducted a comparative case study of two coaches who each oversaw two different teachers. Drawing on interviews with teachers and coaches over two years and video-recorded observations of coaching sessions, I examined coach-teacher interactions and individual’s perceptions to understand how and why coaches interact differentially with teachers.
Results – While coaches did not differentiate their coaching process for teachers, they met teachers at different frequencies. Rather than determining their coaching frequency on teachers’ instructional skills, coaches more regularly met with teachers who had stronger relationships with the coach.
Conclusion – The current study illustrates that coaches’ dynamics with individual teachers vary, which leads to some teachers being more receptive to the same coach than others. This study’s results underscore the need to support coaches in learning how to systematically differentiate their coaching based on individual teacher’s needs.
Keywords: Coaching, coaching dosage, coaching perceptions, teacher differentiation
The Impact of the Effective Communication Course with Enhanced Student Engagement on Communication Skills and Empathic Tendency of Pre-Service Teachers
pp. 32-56 | Published Online: May 2023 | DOI: 10.22521/edupij.2023.122.3 (registering DOI)
Özge Ceren Çelik, Gülgün Alpan
Full text PDF | Abstract | 39 | 27
Keywords: pre-service teacher education, mixed methods, student engagement, communication
Misconceptions about Numbers and Operations–A Case Study of Preschoolers
pp. 57-74 | Published Online: May 2023 | DOI: 10.22521/edupij.2023.122.4 (registering DOI)
Artemis Eleftheriadi, Konstantinos Lavidas, Gerasimos Koustourakis, Stamatis Papadakis
Full text PDF | Abstract | 44 | 27
Background/purpose – Investigation into the misconceptions of preschool students in mathematics and their differences between the ages 4-5 and 5-6 years old helps form appropriate developmental mathematics teaching programs. However, although several studies have been carried out on preschoolers’ previous knowledge and misconceptions about mathematics, no corresponding research has been found in Greece. This study aims to investigate preschoolers’ misconceptions about numbers and operations and to reveal differences between preschoolers aged 4-5 and 5-6 years.
Materials/methods – Data was collected through semi-structured interviews and analyzed using the content analysis method.
Results – The results showed that 5-6 years old preschoolers perform better than the 4-5 years old ones. Most misconceptions of the latter group appeared to be related to reverse counting, identifying arithmetic symbols and their matching quantities, adding and removing numbers without using auxiliary objects and multiplication. On the contrary, some preschoolers aged 5-6 needed help adding or subtracting two-digit numbers without using auxiliary objects. There were also a few cases where cardinality, division and multiplication were observed.
Conclusion – The distribution of students in kindergarten is mostly mixed aged groups, these findings will enable teachers to offer and personalize teaching support to these two aged groups.
Keywords: Maths, preschool education, numbers, operations, knowledge skills, misconceptions
Expectations for Training the Mentors: Insights from a Pre-Service Language Teacher Education Program
pp. 75-90 | Published Online: May 2023 | DOI: 10.22521/edupij.2023.122.5 (registering DOI)
Full text PDF | Abstract | 40 | 28
Background/purpose – The significant role of mentor teachers during the practicum studies necessitates a training that specifically addresses mentoring expectations in the teaching context. Drawing on critical constructivist teacher education, this study aims at investigating the expectations of student teachers, mentor teachers and university supervisors from mentoring.
Materials/methods – The data were collected from 79 pre-service teachers, 37 mentor teachers and 6 university supervisors through the researcher-designed questionnaire and the in-depth semi-structured interviews.
Results – The analysis of the participants’ answers showed that all three groups chose giving feedback to student teachers and knowledge on mentoring duty as the most important two themes the mentor teachers should be trained for. In addition to those themes, observing student teachers was another prominent theme for the group of mentor teachers, whereas the group of student teachers underlined the theme of knowledge on practicum procedures as a concern to be addressed in mentor training program.
Conclusion – The results provided not only valuable data to inform an online mentor training program but also uncovered the concerns experienced by all three groups, informing necessary actions to be taken accordingly.
Keywords: mentoring, language teacher education, pre-service teacher education, student teachers
An Interview with ChatGPT on Emergency Remote Teaching: A Comparative Analysis Based on Human–AI Collaboration
pp. 91-108 | Published Online: May 2023 | DOI: 10.22521/edupij.2023.122.6 (registering DOI)
Tijen Tülübaş, Murat Demirkol, Tuncay Yavuz Ozdemir, Hakan Polat, Turgut Karakose, Ramazan Yirci
Full text PDF | Abstract | 57 | 33
Background/purpose – ChatGPT, a recent form of AI-based language model, have garnered interest among people from diverse backgrounds with its immersive capabilities. Using ChatGPT to support or generate scientific research has also created an ongoing debate over its advantages versus risks. The present study aimed to conduct an AI-enabled research process using ChatGPT so as to evaluate its potential to generate an accurate, clear, concise, and unbiased information as these are essential elements of rigorous scientific work.
Materials/methods – To achieve this aim, we worked on emergency remote teaching (ERT), which garnered significant interest due to its wide-spread use during the COVID-19 pandemic, and created opposing views, particularly in comparison to online teaching. We conducted a simultaneous query on ChatGPT-3.5 and 4 on five basic themes: (1) the definition and emergence of ERT, (2) the appropriateness of ERT for different grade levels, (3) a comparison between ERT and online teaching, (4) the possible outcomes of ERT, (5) the future prospects and uses of ERT, and we performed a comparative evaluation of these responses with regard to accuracy, clarity, conciseness, and potential bias. We also used Cohen’s kappa to assess inter-rater agreement in our analysis.
Results – The results indicated that both versions were capable of generating accurate information without significant bias although the responses lacked depth and insight with being somewhat repetitive. As the level of judgment required by the query increased, the performance of ChatGPT-4 was much better; it provided clearer and more concise responses with a more synthesized and detailed categories of information on ERT.
Conclusion – Based on our results, we state that the cooperation of human and artificial intelligence is still warranted to ensure an accurate and reliable output from AI-based scientific queries. If ChatGPT is a plane with innovative technologies, there still needs to be a pilot in the cockpit to make use of these technologies in the best way so as to fly the plane safely to its destination.
Keywords: Artificial intelligence, ChatGPT, emergency remote teaching, OpenAI, generative AI, AI in education, chatbot
The Role of Chinese Music in Shaping Students' Creative Thinking
pp. 109-121 | Published Online: May 2023 | DOI: 10.22521/edupij.2023.122.7 (registering DOI)
Full text PDF | Abstract | 40 | 25
Background/purpose – The process of shaping students' creative thinking in modern society takes on a new, deeper and broader dimension. Studying the role of Chinese music in developing the creativity of primary, secondary and tertiary education students is thus relevant. The purpose of this study was to comprehend the ways of forming the creative thinking of students studying Chinese music.
Materials/methods – The methods of addressing the posed issue were searching and collecting sources; analyzing and compiling the information obtained; identifying and deducing the categories gained from studying the available information on the subject of the study; compiling tables and figures-charts to demonstrate the research problem as an integral, multi-component system.
Results – The role of Chinese music in developing creative thinking among students is a multifaceted system that includes teaching methods and material support. This system is essential for achieving global education goals, introducing students to other cultures, creating a multicultural learning environment, and promoting emotional responsiveness to Chinese music.
Conclusion – The relevance of the problem stated in the title, its responsiveness to the demands of the time and flexibility determines the promise of study in the area under consideration and determine its value from both theoretical and practical perspectives.
Keywords: Jing Qi
How Psychological Empowerment Influences Faculty Members' Change Orientation: Is There Knowledge Inertia's Mediating Role?
pp. 122-140 | Published Online: May 2023 | DOI: 10.22521/edupij.2023.122.8 (registering DOI)
Muslim Alanoglu, Songül Karabatak
Full text PDF | Abstract | 40 | 28
Background/purpose – This study aims to determine the effect of the psychological empowerment of faculty members on their change orientation and the mediating role of knowledge inertia (learning and experience) in this effect.
Materials/methods – A cross-sectional research design was used to achieve this goal. The opinions of 398 faculty members working in six universities in Turkey were collected using a survey method.
Conclusion – Results imply that faculty members who see their jobs as meaningful have sufficient knowledge about their jobs, are responsible for making decisions about their jobs, and accept change easily. It was also concluded that these faculty members have high levels of change orientation.
Keywords: psychological empowerment, change orientation, knowledge inertia, faculty member