Volume 12 Issue 3 (2023)

Educational Applications of the ChatGPT AI System: A Systematic Review Research

pp. 26-55  |  Published Online: July 2023  |  DOI: 10.22521/edupij.2023.123.2

Ziyaeddin Halid İpek, Ali İbrahim Can GÖZÜM, Stamatios Papadakis, Michail Kallogiannakis

Abstract

Background/purpose – ChatGPT is an artificial intelligence program released in November 2022, but even now, many studies have expressed excitement or concern about its introduction into academia and education. While there are many questions to be asked, the current study reviews the literature in order to reveal the potential effects of ChatGPT on education as a whole. The potential implications, possibilities, and concerns about the use of ChatGPT in education are disclosed as mentioned in the literature.

Materials/methods – The data of the study were collected and then subjected to a systematic review. Research findings were analyzed according to the themes and categories identified.

Results – The results of this research were examined under themes according to the positive and negative aspects of ChatGPT. The positive categories and sub-categories of ChatGPT’s integration into education were determined, and the relationship between education and artificial intelligence determined. Similarly, the negative category highlighted the potential negative impact of artificial intelligence on educational processes.

Conclusion – The reviewed research evaluated and discussed the impact of AI on education and training processes. In conclusion, this review revealed the critical applications of ChatGPT for educational settings and the potential negative impact of its application. The findings established how ChatGPT and its derivatives would create a new paradigm in education as a whole.

Keywords: ChatGPT, education, systematic review, ChatGPT and education

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