Volume 4 Issue 1-2 (2015)

Investigating Pre-service Social Studies Teachers’ Global Social Responsibility Level

pp. 45-55  |  Published Online: November 2015  |  DOI: 10.12973/edupij.2015.412.4

Enis Harun Baser, Emin Kilinc


The purpose of this research is to investigate pre-service social studies teachers’ global social responsibility levels from national, action-oriented, altruistic, and ecological aspects by considering gender, course year, academic success level, membership of a non-governmental organization, and where they lived before attending university. The author applied the descriptive survey model for this study in order to investigate pre-service social studies teachers’ global social responsibility level. Participants of the study were selected through cluster random sampling from public universities in the Marmara, Aegean, and Central Anatolia regions of Turkey. The sample of the study consisted of 463 pre-service social studies teachers enrolled at either Afyon Kocatepe University, Usak University, Anadolu University, or Istanbul University. In order to analyze the data, one-way variance analysis (ANOVA), multiple comparison test (Post-Hoc) and independent samples t-test were used. The results indicated that there was no significant difference on participants’ global social responsibility level by considering gender and course year. However, the results showed that pre-service social studies teachers who are members of any non-profit organization have higher levels of action-oriented responsibility, ecologic responsibility, and altruistic responsibility, than those who are not. Moreover, pre-service social studies teachers who lived in middle-sized city prior to attending university have more global social responsibility than those who lived in a village.

Keywords: global social responsibility, pre-service teacher, responsibility


Abdi Golzar, F. (2006). Development of a responsibility scale for 5th grade elementary students and investigating the relationship of responsibility and gender, locus of control, and academic achievement (Unpublished master’s thesis). Hacettepe University, Ankara.

Adizes, I., & Weston, J. F. (1973). Comparative models of social responsibility. Academy of Management Journal, 16(1), 112-128.

Akbas, O. (2004). Evaluation of the degree of reaching of affective goals at the elementary level in Turkish national education system (Unpublished dissertation). Gazi University, Ankara.

Altunay, E., & Yalcinkaya, M. (2011). Examining teacher candidates’ views about values in knowledge society by some variables. Educational Administration: Theory and Practice, 17(1), 5-28.

Ashford, E. (2003). Individual responsibility and global consequences. Philosophical Books, 44(2), 100-110.

Balay, R. (2004). Globalization, information society and education. Ankara University, Journal of Faculty of Educational Sciences, 37(2), 61-82.

Berkowitz, L., & Lutterman, K. G. (1968). The traditional socially responsible personality. The Public Opinion Quarterly, 32(2), 169-185.

Berman, S. (1990). Educating for social responsibility. Educational Leadership, 48(3), 75-80.

Bierhoff, H. W., & Auhagen, A. E. (2003). Responsibility, the many faces of a social phenomenon. In A. E. Auhagen & H. W. Bierhoff (Eds.), Responsibility as a fundamental human phenomenon (pp. 1-9). New York: Routledge.

Bliss, S. (2005). Global perspectives integrated in global and geographical education. Geography Bulletin, 37(4), 22-38.

Cohen, J. (1992). A power primer. Psychological Bulletin, 112, 155-159.

Celik, F. (2010). Students' and teachers? Views about the acquisition process of responsibility, esthetic and sensitivity values to naturel environment in the primary school 5th grade social sciences program (Unpublished master’s thesis). Anadolu University, Eskisehir.

Ercan, B. (2009). Secondary school teachers' understanding and application of social responsibility: The sample of Antalya (Unpublished master’s thesis). Akdeniz University, Antalya.

Fraenkel, J. R., & Wallen, N. E. (2003). How to design and evaluate research in education. Boston: McGraw- Hill.

Gay, L. R., Mills, G. E., & Airasian, P. (2006). Educational research: Competencies for analysis and application (8th. ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Harris, A. L., Lang, M., Yates, D., & Kruck, S. E. (2011). Incorporating ethics and social responsibility in IS education. Journal of Information Systems Education, 22(3), 183-189.

Kaya, M., & Dogan, U. (2014). Student responsibility: The study of scale development, reliability and validity. Journal of European Education, 4(1), 11-18.

Kilinc, E. (2014). Does good citizen consider environment? The correlation between characteristics of good citizen and environmental attitudes amongst pre-service social studies teachers. Journal of Environmental Protection and Ecology, 15(3A), 1434-1441.

Kilinc, E., & Dere, I. (2013). High school students’ perception of the concept of ‘good citizen’. Journal of Social Studies Education Research, 4(2), 103-124.

Kilinc, E., & Korkmaz, U. (2015). From National to Global Citizenship Turkish Perspectives on the Meaning of Global Citizenship. In M. Merryfield, T. Augustine, & J. Harshman (Eds.), Research in Global Citizenship Education (pp. 163-188). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.

Merrigan, M. (2014). Education in responsibility in order to secure human rights in times of crisis. JSSE-Journal of Social Science Education, 13(3), 98-107.

Mitton, B. L., & Harris, D. B. (1954). The development of responsibility in children. The Elementary School Journal, 54(5), 268-277.

Nakamura, M., & Watanabe-Muraoka, A. M. (2006). Global social responsibility: developing a scale for senior high school students in Japan. International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling, 213-226.

Oberst, U. (2009). Educating for social responsibility. The Journal of Individual Psychology, 65(4), 397-411.

Ozen, Y. (2009). Investigation of predictors for personal and social responsibility in 8 elementary level students (Unpublished dissertation). Atatürk University, Erzurum.

Reason, R. D., Ryder, A. J., & Kee, C. (2013). Higher education’s role in educating for personal and social responsibility: A review of existing literature. New Directions For Higher Education, 164, 13-22.

Richardson, P. (2012). Teaching with a global perspective. Inquiry: The Journal of the Virginia Community Colleges, 17(1), 43-50.

Sarikaya, M., & Kara, F. Z. (2007). The role of business for sustainable development: corporate citizenship. Yonetim & Ekonomi, 14(2), 221-233.

Starret, R. H. (1996). Assessment of global social responsibility. Psychological reports, 535-554.

Swaner, L. E. (2005). Educating for Personal and Social Responsibility: A Review of the Literature. Liberal Education, 91(3), 14-21.

Tayli, A. (2013). Investigate responsibility with regard to some variables. Mugla Sitki Kocman University Journal of Institute of Social Sciences, 30, 68-84.

Yontar, A. (2007). An investigation of the primary school fifth grade teachers and students point of views in terms of punishment use in responsibility training (Unpublished master’s thesis). Cukurova University, Adana.



► Journal Metrics

  • 8% acceptance rate
  • 3.4 (2023) CiteScore (Scopus)
  • Q2 (2023) CiteScore Best Quartile
  • 0.42 (2023) Scimago Journal & Country Rank (SJR)

EDUPIJ Statistics from Scopus

CiteScore: 3.4, view Scopus page

SCImago Journal & Country Rank

► Educational Process: International Journal is member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). 

► New issue coming soon! (Volume 13 Issue 2, 2024)